The Principles of Magic #3: The Practice

gurdjieff-seeker-of-truthLife itself, and a little bit of what people usually call Karma, forced me to learn to become a good listener and, above all, a great observer, which gave me the possibility to develop and improve my understanding, and which also gave me the possibility to be able to notice certain tendencies in people whom I had met throughout my life. In such a way, with a bit of curiosity (and in the total absence of judgment), I had the possibility to notice some “little” contradictions that can be considered as “normal” for the personality of a human being, fragmented into so many little “i’s”.

In such a variety of contradictions, I had noticed a recurrence of the contrast between rationality and instinct; a sort of battle between reason and unconscious fears which happens completely unconsciously, but which conditions our lives.

I’ve seen great intellectual minds speaking about “witchcraft”, “devil” and “demons”; completely rational managers secretly seeking advice from fortune-tellers; strong sportsmen trembling with fear while suspecting they were being cursed; professors participating in some “occult rituals” of wicca and rune magic, without even knowing what they were speaking about; young men dressed proudly with amulets, pentacles and other “magical” symbols, sometimes even tattooed on their skin; informatic engineers supporting the existence of “astral plans”, and so on, and so on…

I’ve witnessed all this and much more…. and who knows what kind of hidden fears I hadn’t yet noticed.

The behavior is not so much the contradictory aspect of the contemporary mind, an element that is more than obvious in so fragmented a personality; the point lies rather in the deep suggestion that the word “magic” evokes in our mind.

Why are we so fascinated by the possibility to get in touch with “subtle dimensions”? Why do we try to influence our destiny through the use of amulets, talismans and spells? Why do we try to justify our behaviors or seek for a near future hope in the Horoscope instead of beginning to learn, in a serious way, an ancient science such as Astrology? And many, many other “Why’s“…

Undoubtedly, near to the technological progress typical of our rational contemporary society, already lies an unknown region in our minds that often results in superstition, a region where ignorance, ancient and new fears reign, even today.

We could raise our shoulders and ignore everything, saying that these are only fixations or false beliefs. However, this topic is not all a result of fantasies, and the best way to respond to ignorance (namely, the act of ignoring things), is the skill of Knowledge. We need balance, intelligence, and a healthy degree of curiosity followed by a serious will to understand – a sincere inquiry without preconcepts. This is the reason I am writing these posts devoted to the topic of Magic. And this is the answer to many people who had asked me the reason “Why” I am writing about this topic. This is one of the main answers to this question.

M0011829 Hermes Trismegistos, from Stolcius, Viridarium Chymicun, 1624

As it happened for the second post, due to health and family issues, I hadn’t been able to write any posts for this blog since November. However, such as with everything in life, it seems that the time has come, so here’s the third post devoted to Magic. In the first and second post. we explained the meaning of Magic and the different levels of this Art. As I stated before, Magic hasn’t anything to do with what today, is presented under this name. There’s a huge difference between the magic we find in many books and “what Magic is really about”. It’s an ancient path that, in order to be practiced in an efficient way, needs at least a certain degree of development. The Third Level of Magic needs a discipline and a preparation that is equal to what Mr. Gurdjieff asked of his pupils. So, as said in the previous post, in order to be able to perform “The Great Work”, the Magus must have undertaken a Work on himself.

After reading the previous posts about this matter, many people had asked me through emails, Facebook and in person, what is this preparation about and what are the practices that are part of the Magic. Aware that it is impossible to explain such a huge corpus of Knowing in a few words, I would like to make an outline of the basic practices that make an apprentice, a Magus.

So, here is the schedule of this post and further posts about Magic:

  1. The Gaze and the presence;

  2. The physical postures;

  3. Techniques of magical defense;

  4. Amulets, talismans, pentagrams;

  5. Magnetization of an object;

  6. Symbols of protection;

  7. The main Tools of the Magus;

A little bit of practical stuff. Let’s begin.

The Gaze

With a simple act of will, we need to focus our attention on the solar plexus – the complex network of nerves located by the abdomen, at every time and situation during our day. We must also learn to use our gaze.

Indeed, we have to learn to never lower our gaze. It’s very important to impose the principle “I Am” (that, in such a moment is located in the solar plexus), and make this principle prevail as a priority in every situation. If we learn to use our gaze, and with a well-rooted principle of “I Am” within us, it is possible to direct a considerable amount of energy, even at the most elementary levels of training.

How do we develop this skill? First of all, we must learn to wake up, really wake up in the morning. Mainly, we must learn to work constantly on our awareness. There are plenty of elementary exercises related to this work on this blog, and also in the book I wrote. In order to wake up, you can use some of these exercises or some practices you already know.

You must start your day washing your face with fresh, cold water, after having kept the water in your hands for some moments, remembering that this water is a source of life.

Even if we are not aware of it, we experience our day surrounded by a myriad of symbols: a tree, a form, a building, a ray of light and even the simple act of turning on the light when we come home. It’s a divine principle.

In everything we do, wherever we are, try to become aware that you are a small part of the Divine.

This act means, to ritualize our life.


Observe yourselves, and your physical postures. This is crucially important. A posture that is extremely relaxed will drive your mind and your emotional field to seek only gratification. Seeking only comforts, produces frivolity and feebleness, and these two mechanical aspects reflect on our inner and outer condition.

A true Magus is a seeker of the Truth, so as a seeker, he has to acquire attitudes of a warrior. Of course, we are not yet Samurais, however we musn’t try to become little samurais: this would mean that we have already decided beforehand, to never become a real Samurai.

It is the path of the Intentional Effort: if we are unable to transcend a headache, a bit of tiredness, the battle is already lost. If we are unable to win over hunger, thirst, drowsiness, we’ve already given up on the inner path that is also the Path of the real Magus.

Indeed, if we aspire to become a Magus, we must be able to do what we have decided to do, even with a fever or with a terrible headache. We have to always represent what we are: a particle of the Divine. And, as divine beings, we have no limits, except for the limits we impose on ourselves. This is the attitude of the Magi. Intentional effort means everything for him.

This teaching is the basis of all the teachings of the real Magic Practice. And it’s vastly different from how Magic is presented today.

A Magus isn’t a common, sleeping, and mechanical creature: when he passes between people, he is noticed. He is noticed because of his posture, his eyes (remember for example, Gurdjieff’s eyes), his way of moving. He is a being, when passing through the masses, who creates emptiness on his way.

In the moment when we use the gaze, we must put into practice, everything we had learned in our inner path; also, we have to feel ourselves as someone who represents a divine principle.

And, everything must bow in the presence of the Divine, especially ignorance.

You must have this sense of austerity within you – the most you will be able to center yourselves in the solar plexus, and the most you will represent the absolute, independently of how much you are able to understand the concept of the Divine.

Use the gaze in every situation, at every moment.

First of all, stare into people’s eyes. It could happen that, when you do this, a person will lower his gaze. If this happens, don’t allow your illusory personality to take pleasure of this, or think that you have overpowered this person. Be kind in these situations. However, this will be a signal that such a person has felt some kind of power in you. It also means that you’ll be able to help this person if he wishes so.

Some people use systems such as opening their eyes widely or make strange grimaces with the eyes such as they want to say, “look into my eyes” or, “all eyes on me”. This is useless. The focal point of this practice is not to modify our gaze, but to keep it as it is. The difference is that the eyes, accompained with such a practice, exudes the part of the divine that’s within us.

Remember, the gaze is a powerful Mudra.

So, to resume, the Magus learns to “go down” into the solar plexus, and from here, brings the gaze. It’s first necessary to activate this zone of the body (the solar plexus) and then, from that point, move the energy that will light the gaze. It’s a process similar to when we produce a movement.

For the Magus, the solar plexus is where the divine, the “I Am” is located. You need to be still and focus on the person beyond, such as you would pierce it with the eyes.

This act must not display hardness, but sweetness.


The physical postures and perception

The physical body is our first defensive structure, even if, through the body we can direct the energy beyond it.

Let’s see some practical examples: a gesture of closure – so, a defensive one – is to cross the arms (arms folded). Before doing this gesture, we have to connect the index finger and the thumb. This is a gesture that is usual for many people, even if they are unaware of what they are doing.

Another example of usual unconscious gestures, is to cross the legs – a posture which produces a protection of the genital area.

The Magus has also to learn to observe the postures he assumes spontaneously. Gestures such as touching the head or crossing the fingers, or running the hands through the hair, show that our unconscious defensive system has perceived a state of aggression. Substantially, all the postures that imply a “closure” are defensive postures, and they have an effect on the emotional field (we’ll discuss in depth, this aspect in a further post).

The act of closing the fist with the thumb inside of it is indicates the action of “cleansing”. This gesture can be used to wash clothes and clean rooms or, at least to color them with the qualities of our energy.

For example: imagine that you are speaking with a person who is upset. While speaking, intertwine your fingers (closure- defense- protection); then, at a point in the conversation, keep the fingers intertwined and join the indexes; point them tactfully towards the interlocutor, beginning from the zone of the solar plexus. If you link this act to the gaze, you can calm and control the mood of this person. Using the “pointed” hands is always a direct act of emanation of our energy outwards. This produces quite strong effects.

Try to notice, through observing yourselves during the whole day, what gestures of “closure” and “opening” you do unconsciously – for example, while sitting, you cross the legs, point the finger or the hand toward the interlocutor, etc. This is advice I give to everyone. Nothing can be done without first developing the skill of Observation. Indeed, observation is the root of every inner path, and the tone of the main topics on this blog. It could seem strange to link this practice with the noun, “magic”. However, this is exactly the way the Magus evolved his “powers”, the main practice of Magic of a higher level. Indeed, as stated in previous posts, Magic is a way of knowing the Natural Laws that rule our Universe and the way to use it (for example, knowing the Law of Cyclicity, namely the Law of Seven, enables the Magus such as the Seeker to use it for developing purposes). So, it’s not my interpretation, but something that is already taught in some groups I had the opportunity to meet. It’s also written in 500 to 800 year old books and manuscripts you can read in places like the Biblioteca Marciana in Venice (if you know which texts to ask for).

However, returning to the topic, it’s not a rarity that an adept tends to use too many gestures of “closure”; since while we make them too often, such gestures produces states of contraction, to the detriment of the possibility to develop and refine sensibility and intuition. Closure is a condition when you can’t receive nor give. It’s like closing your internet: end of the access.

The capacity to perceive what happens around us is another ability we’ll mention here. Mainly, we have to develop an attention which allows us to perceive not only what happens in front of us, but also behind us. First of all, the adept has to learn to extend his hearing at 360°; then gradually, sharpen this ability to the modalities of perceptions in the space that surround him.

The tone of the voice is important in interacting with other persons. As an example, a low tone of voice is useful to create more attention, while a singing-like tone evokes the effect of tranquilizing the interlocutor. In the same way, a high pitch tone produces altercation.

A huge error is the use of a raised tone of voice in order to overpower someone; since the interlocutor is upset, the only result we’ll have is to raise his state of irritation. On the contrary, pronuncing the words slowly with a deep tone of voice will produce calm.

Another useful thing which is deeply related to the field of self-observation, is observing the type and quality of our spontaneous gestures. Namely, we’ll have to notice in which situations and to which persons we do gestures of “closure-defense” and “opening”.

I would like to end this post by mentioning briefly, an ancient magical training that is related to the way of walking. This practice consists of walking with the palms opened pointed towards the ground. The arms move faster than the rest of the body. The nape of the neck is slightly rigid and the gaze remains fixed towards the goal, namely, the destination we have decided to reach. The way of walking is to proceed by putting a foot in front of the other. During this way of walking, the practitioner has to visualize himself as a point. A tip (like the tip of an arrow), pointed forward.

At first glance, it could seem strange and weird as a practice (however, those who practiced the movements taught by Mr. Gurdjieff should have experienced the same feeling), especially for the rigid neck. Why should we keep it rigid? Because this act is a “magic seal-gesture” (or a mudra, if you prefer) that protects the head.

There are many other ways and practices that produce “closure-protection” such as “opening”. However, I’ve mentioned only the first since the second could be used as “tools for offence”. Also, these practices are just outlined, not explained in depth. The aim of these posts is to inform, not to produce tools which could harm someone.


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The “Principles of Magic”#2 – The levels and focal points of Magic

9f4713d8907b029f1823700b96626badSince I wrote the first part of the “Principles of Magic” five months ago,  I had received dozens of emails with questions about various aspects of this topic. I had answered some of these emails, but due to some personal health issues, I hadn’t been able to answer all of them, nor able to write any essays to post. Now, in order to “redeem” myself, I would like to answer, through this article, some of the main questions.

One of the main questions was related to what is undoubtedly related to the wish of learning more about this Discipline, specifically, “how many kinds of Magic exist? Are they all driven by the same principles?”. The definition I gave in the first post of this series, where I defined Magic as “a practice of Knowing that proposes to intervene on the phenomena of Nature through the study of the Natural Laws”, wasn’t enough.  It is natural and legitimate when the reader is driven by curiosity. And, when curiosity develops in interest, such interest becomes a thirst. This thirst must be quenched.

In order to accomplish this task, I won’t speak here about deviant practices known as “black magic”, as this topic will be addressed in a future post. I’ll remain focused on what the real Magic is, namely, something that isn’t “black” or “white”, but neutral, and whose synonym is “Knowing”. The principle of such a discipline responds to: «I want to (and can) produce interactions through the Laws of this Universe».

Such kind of Magic is formed by three distinct levels. There are not different kinds, but different levels of Magic.

The First level is more usual than we would think at first glance. It is represented by what a priest performs during a Mass, and it’s the lowest known level of Magic. The baptism, the holy matrimony, the unction of various objects, and the unction of people (the blessing) are all  practices of Magic. Almost all the sacraments are acts of Magic and mostly, they were originally intended to be as practices to bestow protection.

The Second level of Magic is most known as the “Magic of Symbols”. It is an active practice even in our time. In Europe, the maximal expression of this degree of Magic was practiced by the Templars and the Rosicrucians, such as in some Christian circles through the use of symbols, saint’s iconography and images.

It’s good to know that such a level of Magic, in its purest expression, aims to nullify, namely annihilate, what had been caused through harmful uses of magic. The result of such an annihilation is mostly known: the “negative influence” turns against those who had produced it,  more than to those who had “commissioned” it, with  extreme harshness.

In fact, the Vision of such kind of Magic is the defeat of the “operators” of harmful forms of magic, and not of the people who had asked for a magical intervention, since they are not considered responsible because they are not completely aware of what they really produce, (according to the principle: “Father, forgive them, for they  know not what they do”).


The Third level of Magic is far different and “higher” than the previous levels. Indeed, it uses only and uniquely, a state of realization. In such a level, the operator uses three energetic centers  which, in some Eastern traditions are known as “Chakras”: the third, the fourth (which is considered to be the domain of  Magic par excellence), and the sixth chakras.

Furthermore, the Magus who is able to work on such a degree of Magic, also had undertaken a Work on himself. Such Inner Work is not required in the previous levels of magic. Indeed, the Magic of the first two levels does not require awareness, as it is extremely elementary and easily produced. Usually, specifically in the religious field, a person (in this case, the priest) is not aware that he performs a Magical rite. Thus, such degrees of Magic are not so “powerful”, therefore are easy to be annihilated.

The Magus of such a level, produces changes inside his own energetic centers, or more accurately, inside a “specific plane” of each energetic center (or chakra, if you prefer).

Furthermore, through developing his own awareness, practicing Meditation, contemplating some words and mantras, he becomes able to produce such an “expansion” of his awareness that he becomes able to modify what is in front of him.

It’s surely a far less violent level of Magic, but extremely powerful, which implies a considerable degree of inner development and initiation. The Magus who is able to work on the third level of Magic is considered to be at what in esoteric words, is known as the Seventh Level of initiation (we’ll address the topic “initiation” in further posts).


Let us delve a  bit deeper into the subject of magic, by summarizing the focal points of a practice as ancient as the first humans, or even before them.

First of all: never approach Magic without any previous knowledge about this matter. It could be harmful for both those who experiment with it and for others. An approach that lacks of any previous knowledge is equivalent to a suicide. A minimal error could produce physical disorders, illnesses, even death, or serious physical disorders in other people.

This is the reason why a maximal seriousness and clarity is always required. In the field of magic, it’s not possible to have to find the answer to the question “what to do now?” when we are facing a problem.

Second: when one practices Magic, he absolutely must avoid  connection with who is suffering. This implies a detachment from the problem (the same kind of detachment that a lawyer has towards his client). At first glance, this detachment could seem an egoistic act. However, there’s always a reason for an act: the aim is to reduce the risks to a minimum. If someone connects with someone’s suffering, he submits himself  voluntarily to a state of suffering. This reduces clarity, and reduces the possiblity to help someone who suffers

The correct approach is to try to evaluate the problem in the most detached, rational way, with the goal to find how much the suffering of such a being is a karmic result.

Frenzy is also an attitude that should be avoided. Indeed, the urge to “free someone from suffering at any cost” is a nice way to put our integrity at risk: if we try to commit ourselves until we are completely exhausted, we’ll not be able to help the individual who needs help, nor dozens of others who may need  help. Maybe our help would be more useful in another situation.

In ancient times such level of Magic was performed only on initiates, and it was practiced only by disciples when, according to a principle (or Law) of relation,  help was indispensable in order to avoid the risk that the inner work of such an individual (the initiate) may be lost. Such kind of High Magic is rarely used.

Another important aspect is responsibility. Independently of the level of Magic practiced, this aspect must be present. According to the magic theory, even if we move a little stone, it will produce a result on a large scale. Thus, there will be a price to be paid. This is why we can very often hear or read that producing suffering (even justified suffering), will imply a price that we’ll have to pay.

The fourth aspect is purification. Usually, this term evokes the idea that we are “unclean, bad, evil, so we must purify ourselves”. This is a common error. In the universe, there is nothing that is bad or impure. Everything has a reason to be, to happen and to exist. Everything that happens has a reason behind it, whether or not  we are aware of it. Since everything that exists in this Universe is a reflection of the Absolute (in trivial words, “all is One”), there is nothing that can objectively  be more pure or impure.

The real meaning of purification is to focus all the energies of the principle of “I” (individuality), which is already separated from truth, towards the realization  such truth (“all is One”) in its entirety, or to devote ourselves completely to serve humanity or the whole cosmic plane.

Purification means Work on Self, service, a conscious commitment to inner growth. And this can (and must) be applied to every field of life, every moment of the day.

Control of our emotions and thoughts, as intended in a path of Self Development, can be called purification.

Purification is the act of no longer at the mercy of fears, thoughts, guilts and, above all, conditionings. It is the act of becoming less mechanical.

We have to produce a conscious act of Will. Undoubtedly, the more one is “pure”, the more he is “strong”. Being pure means be who we really are, reflect the identity of our being, in everything we do, from how we dress to eating, from sleeping to washing the dishes. Everything! If there is an essential concept in order “to be able to do”, this is Order. Order is control, mainly, intensity of awareness in everything we do.

In the field of Magic, nothing can be done mechanically or because of a habit. First of all, we have to re-educate ourselves. Thus, we can replace the word “purification” with “re-education”.

Another aspect on which one should work, is fear – a limitation we face very often; the fear of suffering, of being judged, of producing suffering, of making a mistake, etc…

It would also be useful to specify that the concept of Suffering, often mentioned in the pages of this blog, doesn’t mean “suffering that ends in itself”. Suffering in the field of Self Development (so also in the field of Magic) means conscious effort: for example, to wake up every morning at a prearranged hour, devoting oneself some time of our day to a psycho-physical discipline, ritualizing some moments of our day, recapitulating the day before going to sleep, and so on…

Hence, the “War against sleep”, doing things with a different, more refined awareness. Everything must become the gesture of a Magus, since the first magic has to be performed on ourselves. This “magic” can be called “inner work”. Without such prerequisites, it will be impossible to perform something that could be even remotely, called Magic.

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The “Principles of Magic” #1: An Introduction and The Principle of Discipline

After having posted some essays about Giordano Bruno and the Art of Memory, many people had asked for additional elucidation on Magic. What is it?  What do I intend as Magic?  Where did I learn such things?  There were many confused questions, but also some questions driven by a curiosity to know more about a topic that is both ancient and extant at the same time.

I decided to write a series of posts about this topic, in response to the various questions sent to me, which may essentially be consolidated into a unique and fundamental question: “What is Magic?”

So, I would like to begin with a quote of Sir Arthur C. Clarke, the author of the novel 2001: A Space Odyssey:

“Any sufficiently advanced technology is indistinguishable from magic.”


Is there any better way to begin a series of posts devoted to the “Structure of Magic”, than this quote?

Even if it had been written with humorous intent, this quote reveals an indisputable truth: Magic is nothing but knowing. Who can control it, can use it. Who doesn’t possess it, fears it. In these contemporary times, we can even call it “technology”.

Indeed, if we ponder a bit,  isn’t it true that we perform a sort of magic when we trace  some symbols on the table with a mouse, which materialize on the PC screen in front of us? It’s something which is a bit unsettling, and at the same time amazing, especially if we don’t know anything about the functioning of a computer. Similarly, the apparition of cell phones and later, smartphones and iphones amazed us – real magic.

Imagine what would happen if we could hypothetically go back to the past, 300 or 400 years ago, and walk during the night with an electric torch. Wouldn’t people consider this a sort of Magic performed by great Magis or demigods? Even a simple watch would have been considered an absolute proof of witchcraft in many periods of the past.

So, this is Magic: a practice of Knowing that proposes to intervene on the phenomena of nature through the study of the Natural Laws. Not more, nor less. The simplest and most understandable definition I’ve been able to find.

Today we consider it quite a normal thing being able to use electric or nuclear energy, to control  fire and water, or to fly, or drive at the speed of 250 kilometers per hour. The new frontiers of science suggest to us, that sooner or later, we’ll be able to perform teleportation or to become invisible, or to perform other tasks that today, are considered “impossible”.

But where lies the boundary between the possible and the impossible if we, as human beings, are able to surpass it continuously? What was impossible twenty years ago, today is considered so possible that it has become normal, obvious, even monotonous. In the same way, it’s possible to predict that, what is considered as “impossible” today, will become “normal” in the near future.


The etymology of the noun “magic” in Greek Μαγεία  (science, wisdom),  is derived from the word which indicates the “magi” (Μάγοι) – Zoroastrian ministers in ancient Persia. Such individuals were expert in astronomy and astrology, and also had a Chaldean mathematical culture. Just to clarify, the distinction between astronomy and astrology occurred after the 14th century.  Prior to that, the study of celestial phenomena was a unique discipline, both mathematical and humanistic.

The word “magi” comes from the root mag (“great being” or “being great”, “remarkable”), linked to the ancient Sanskrit term mah-ant, “gerat”, magh-ā and mag’-man, “greatness”. This word will develop to the Latin term magnus.

The distinction of “magi” is often mentioned in the Old Testament in The Book of Jeremiah (39:3 and 39:13), in The Book of Daniel (2:2), and in The Book of Isaiah (60:3). The name is also present in The Book of Psalms (70:9-11 and 68:30). In the New Testament, the only text that speaks about the voyage of the Magi to Bethlehem is the The Gospel According to Matthew  (2:1-12), the oldest of the four canonical texts.

In his book, The History of Magic, Eliphas Levi writes: “The doctrines of the true Zoroaster are identical with those of pure Kabalism, and his conceptions of divinity differ in no wise from those of the fathers of the Church. It is the names only that vary ; for example, the triad of Zoroaster is the Trinity of Christian teaching, and when he postulates that Triad as subsisting without diminution or division in each of its units, he is expressing in another manner that which is understood by our theologians as the circumincession of the Divine Persons. In his multiplication of the Triad by itself, Zoroaster arrives at the absolute reason of the number 9 and the universal key of all numbers and forms. But those whom we term the three Divine Persons, are called the three depths by Zoroaster. The first, or that of the Father, is the source of faith ; the second, being that of the Word, is the well of truth ; while the third, or creative action, is the font of love. […] Zoroaster established the celestial hierarchy and all the harmonies of Nature on his scale of nine degrees. He explains by means of the triad whatsoever emanates from the idea and by the tetrad all that belongs to form, thus arriving at the number 7 as the type of creation…”

In ancient times, the Magus and his science were deeply respected, in the same way that today, is respected a recipient of the Nobel Prize or an eminent docent of a prestigious University. The Magi were renowned, and often well-rewarded as advisors of the royal courts.

Of course, such individuals were also well-feared because of their knowing, in a way similar to a hacker able to break a database system would be feared today.

The point lies always in Knowing: who possess it can be a precious ally or a dangerous foe.

But I don’t want to explore in this post, the application of Magic (I’ll speak about this in a further post on this topic), but rather clarify as best as possible, what is essentially, Magic. Nor do I want to give a historical vision of the same, or deepen the work of famous Magi such as Salomon, Abramelin, Paracelsus, Cagliostro, St. Germain, Jon Dee, Eliphas Levi, and others. It’s useless for the aim of this series of posts.

So, concretely, to what do we refer when we use the term “Magic”?

Let’s try with an example that can also be experienced: let’s assume that most of the readers had probably visited a gothic cathedral, and if someone hasn’t yet visited one, I strongly suggest to do it. Once entered into this place, you’ve probably noticed that the gaze is immediately attracted upwards.

Such perception, such experience of “being pulled upwards”, is not due to the fact that you are visiting a “sacred place”- specifically, it doesn’t depend on conditionings related to a religious education, but on innumerable architectural knowings inherent to this type of structure.

In a gothic cathedral, the ground tends progressively upwards. Mainly, from the entry way to the center of the temple, the floor is built slightly upward. Also, the pillars aren’t perfectly straight, but tend to converge toward the center, reflecting the Law of the Octave. The apse is built in a particular way, and the light is predominant in the space of the building: it animates and gives a measure to the forms, and it also has a symbolic meaning, mainly, the image of the luminous nature of the Sacred.

Also, the proportions of the building aren’t without intention, nor determined by aesthetic needs or by the spectacular effects. The proportions in these buildings are based from a vision of the art as science, the research of the geometric relations that lie behind the basis of the universe, and establishes the form of the divine manifestation. The same proportions can be found in music, where the harmonics are not casual, but are reflections of the celestial harmonies.

Indeed, the first gothic buildings had been constructed according to numerical relations similar to the musical intervals – the octave, fourth and perfect fifth – for example in the rapport between the dimensions of the bay (an architectural element) or of the transept with respect to the nave. In such a way, the sacred building literally resonates with the same universal harmonies. And such harmony is not a result of perfect symmetries, but of imperfections created with purpose.

It’s an example of sacred geometry explained by Fulcanelli, such as an example of objective art as explained by Gurdjieff.

A structure built in such a way and with such knowing, becomes a perfect “machine” that produces precise effects. Indeed, using the example of a gothic cathedral, once we enter this building, the thoughts become rarefied, the sight is pulled upwards,  time seems to expand, the light becomes softer, giving to the spaces a specific meaning, bringing a deep feeling that is perfect to lead us to forget the external world and its illusions.

A gothic cathedral keeps thousands of technical expedients, studied to bring whoever to experience such emotion. It’s an inevitable thing: after having walked ten, fifteen, twenty-one meters inside the building, almost always 3×7, we look upwards and perceive a kind of “energy” that raises in us, a desire for purification.

All these experiences were wisely preordained by the builders of these cathedrals, and it has nothing to do with the fact that such buildings have become religious places. Indeed, the cathedrals, in the time of their construction, were also places for meeting and discussion, and not only places where to preach a religion.

The gothic cathedrals are places built “according to a specific science”, thus, with Knowing.

Individuals like Leonardo da Vinci, Brunelleschi, Bramante and many others including the creators of the gothic cathedrals, gained their knowing from a School. They learned the universal Laws, rules and principles. And, they were researchers in the field of Magic. Today, we would define such individuals as “scientists”.

So, this is Magic. We can define it as a practical act aimed to operate on the natural phenomena through the study of the natural laws. It’s a result of research, experiments and transformations from an element in another, with the goal to reach an inner perfection, protection, health and prosperity.

A science and a technology at the same time.

It’s a very important aspect to be understood, because, even in our personal experience, we can’t attain a real pleasure without knowing, but only the satisfaction of our instinctive needs. Specifically, we are perfectly able to survive, but not to “live” in the real meaning of the term.

Let’s try to consider our days:  what motivates us, what drives us to do something other than the usual job and livelihood, eating, distraction, sleep and so on?

Needs and mechanicity are, in reality, the same thing: the need produces identification, and identification represents almost always, the fear of “losing something”, namely, the fear of “suffering”.

We fear that we are unable to live up to someone’s expectation, of being unable to do something, or to live an emotion; we fear the others’ consideration, the future, the failure,  old age… and in order to avoid such suffering, we identify ourselves with whatever can keep us far from the source of suffering, desperately trying to find the peace we crave.

In vain. We are unable to rule ourselves, our life, and the suffering gets worse.

But there’s a way out, mainly,  to consciously choose the friction which we must suffer anyway, as difficult and painful though it could be.

In initiate terms, we call this kind of choice “voluntary suffering”, which is the instinct of “going further”, using the resources we have at disposal in a determined context. We spoke often about the concept of “voluntary suffering” in this blog.  However, it would be good to remember that it means to not abandon ourselves to the mechanical flow of events and to choose to “swim counter-current”. We gather the strength, and try to discipline the mechanical part of us.

Discipline is the process that teaches us “how to do”, which we need to take an action (instead of suffering only and exclusively a reaction); it’s the principle that gradually crystallizes our idea and becomes Will. This is exactly what corresponds to the magical process of transformation.

The problem lies in the fact that almost no one is used to perceive his life as a goal, a result to be gained. We don’t have aims, nor have we decided on a goal to pursue during our existence. We have spoken to ourselves and others about partial goals – sometimes touching in their naive innocence, or about practical goals and urgently driven needs, but it’s not the same thing.

The Magus, Seeker of Truth, will do all that is possible to reach his final goal, and his preoccupations will essentially be devoted to that goal. Here rises the Work and the voluntary suffering: the decision of taking the challenge, the practice of generating intentionally-aimed problems in order to overcome them.

This pushes the Magus to increasingly more control of himself, to become more and more aware, until reaching the will to decide what he really wishes to do.

Indeed, there is no objective limit within us. A human being is designed with the possibility to evolve, and everyone of us, without exception, has the necessary tools to perform this.

The only sin that we can commit toward ourselves, is to think that we are limited: we can do whatever we wish to do,  as individuals such as Michelangelo, Leonardo da Vinci, Giordano Bruno and others have done. We can show the impossible, even walking on water, and making it possible, depends on the goal we give ourselves.

Science, knowing and will are the tools, discipline is a method, and the “how to” achieve a specific result. But we don’t speak here about the usual discipline used to teach children. We are speaking about self-discipline – something that has to be self-generated, a result of the realization that we are mechanical, thus  “imprisoned” in our own illusions. Discipline is the tool which makes us able to realize such a state of imprisonment.

The disciple (he who performs the discipline) will learn to recognize, to prize and then to love he who has already achieved the goal and who will be able to show precisely, the “how to escape this prison”.

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Christmas: The Tree of Life

So, here we are: Christmas 2015!

goldtree-350And, I’ll take this opportunity to speak about an object that is a symbol for such a festivity. Yes, I am speaking about the Christmas tree. Indeed, it’s not a secret that the tree represents something more than a simple decoration for the pleasure of our eyes, at home or in the public square. Indeed, the trees have appeared as earthly fare before the designers and the urbanists. And, even if we do the best we can to destroy them, they’ll end their existence far after our own.

The tree was considered as a sort of “cathedral” by the most ancient animist cultures, and its cult is quite diffused. The Christmas tree is a continuity of the ancient German tradition, which celebrated the Cosmic Tree. However, the tree as a cosmic symbol is present in the culture of the Vedas, the Persian and biblical Tree of Life, and so on.

After all, the tree is an element in nature which fits as a universal symbol. Indeed, it represents life itself, gives food and refuge, purifies the air we breathe, links the earth with the sky, incorporates in it all the four elements, sinks its roots into the Mother Earth, and elevates itself towards the Celestial Hierarchies.

buddhismoIn Northern India, in Central Asia, China, Tibet, Siberia, and in many places in Africa, trees are an object of cults: people tie on the trunk, tiny strings on which they light incense and insert flower wreaths. At the bottom of the tree, they deposit flowers, food, and lamps. This very ancient tradition is still extant throughout the World.

On a Babylonian clay tablet dated 1850 B.C., it is represented as a stylized tree. On the branches are hung diamonds which represent the stars, and on the top of the tree, is the Sun which dominates the other stars. It’s the most ancient known Christmas tree, if we remember that the Babylonians celebrate the God Shamash, exactly on the 25th of December. Also, the Babylonians used to decorate the tree with different varieties of fruits.


Celts, Saxons and Normans used to bring trees into the home to keep away unimmaginealchemicaevil spirits – the Egyptians the palm trees, and the Romans, the fir trees. As a sign of devotion towards the consecrated trees, the ancients would hang apples and other fruits as offerings to the divinities. This tradition was extended throughout Europe, in gratitude to the earth for its generosity and, as a sign of good luck, the farmers would hang the fruits of their harvests on the trees. The ancient Germans would hang stones on the branches of oak trees in order to keep away spirits who had escaped from the afterlife during the falling of the leaves. Successively, the trees became decorated with colored fruits, wreaths and candles.

There would really be too much to write on this topic, and a dozen posts wouldn’t be enough. And, now it’s Christmas time – time for greetings, not time to read (at least not too much!).

So, during these days, when you see a Christmas tree (and this will not be a difficult task), don’t look at it as a decoration. Remember what it represents: the Cosmic Tree of Life. And, greet it with all your Heart. Your Christmas will surely be enriched and more pleasurable with this simple act.

With Love,


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The Art of Memory 3: Giordano Bruno and the “Symbolic figures”

branthexastichonze2In the previous post, we drew the guideline of the mnemonic related to magic: substantially, the world is composed of an infinite number of “sensible objects” which represents the shadows of the “real objects” (or archetypes). Recognizing the different shadows which belong to the same object, allows us to grasp the different aspects of the same object (the archetype) and, at the same time, “to introject” the object by reflecting it in the mind.

Thus, the archetypes are a sort of “main index” of the contents of the world. In turn, every entry creates different levels of “sub-indexes” until it achieves the apparent infinity of the created objects.

Through the guidance of symbols (figures, diagrams, allegorical images), the Magus begins to ascend a sort of “Ray of Creation”, from the bottom to the top, from the apparent plurality of things, to the unity that those things imply.

These concepts, that may not be so simple to be grasped by the logicalbrunomemory2 mind, are examined in depth by Giordano Bruno in De Umbris Idearum, a magical text where the author explained in depth, the art of memory.

The work that Giordano Bruno revealed in De umbris Idearum begins with a talk about the nature of the “shadows” and the concept of “ideas” which are interpreted in the text in a neoplatonic way. Then, he lists the images-guide, which are the practical parts of the text.

Those symbolic figures represent:

  • the thirty-six i trentasei decans of the zodiac, i dello zodiaco, namely, the magical “governors” of the so-called decades, described by the ancient Egyptians as demons;
  • seven planetary images for each planet, with a total of forty-nine images;
  • twenty-eight images of the lunar phases;
  • an image of the Draco Lunae or “dragon”;
  • thirty-six images linked to the duodenary division of the zodiac.


Through the astrological symbols (a fundamental science in the hermetic approach), the Magus impresses in the mind, the “higher shadows” – the nearest categories to the “pure ideas” that can inhabit only the “divine mind”. Those are still shadows, however, they are closest to the archetypes.

neptuneIf the archetypes are the “indexes” of the library of the universe, then we can certainly hypothesize that, from the view of the renaissance Magus, the astrological symbols represent the immediate “sub-indexes”, namely, the intelligible categories which are closest to that which can only be foreseen, but never understood.

Through impressing such symbols in the mind, the hermetist lays in some way, the foundations for the further cataloguing of every other object that, in turn, will receive a collocation based on the ratio that links it with its main symbols.

In such a way, the Magus will be able to recognize, in every material and less material object, the connections and the Laws that express in the world, the presence of the Divine, and which shows that the apparent multiplicity (the duality) that we perceive in the world belong to an unique plan, expression, and substance of the Absolute. In such a plan, every apparent difference manifests itself, justifies its existence, then extinguishes. Thus, every Law concludes in the unique fact of the omnipresence of the divine consciousness.

This was only a brief and limited excursus about the art of memory, and my hope is that I have been able to summarize one of the most interesting experiences of seeking in Western culture and esoteric knowledge.

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The Art of Memory 2: Giordano Bruno and the “Shadows”

imagesLet’s continue with some considerations on the “Art of memory”. In the previous post we stated that the archetypes, in their original, essential form, can be “reached” through associative chains and correspondences. For the Renaissance Magus, those archetypes represent the “language” through which God expresses himself and, at the same time, becomes understandable to human beings.


This concept, which is the essence of the whole of Renaissance magic, is marvelously revealed by Tommaso Campanella in his sonnet:


“The world’s the book where the eternal Sense

Wrote his own thoughts; the living temple where,

Painting his very self, with figures fair

He filled the whole immense circumference.

Here then should each man read, and gazing find

Both how to live and govern, and beware

Of godlessness; and seeing God all-where,

Be bold to grasp the universal mind.

But we tied down to books and temples dead,

Copied with countless errors from life, –

These nobler than that school sublime we call.

O may our senseless souls at length be led

To truth by pain, grief, anguish, trouble, strife,

Turn we to read the one original.”


The first two basic texts of Giordano Bruno about the art of memory are “De umbris idearum” and “Cantus Circaeus”. Those two texts are explicitly magic in nature. Here, Giordano Bruno states the nature of his Work, in which the fundamentals are the classic traditional and Egyptian hermetism, and the ceremonial and ritual aspects of Cornelius Agrippa’s Work.

The “Shadows” to which Bruno refers, are the objects of the subtle world, the manifestation which is possible to perceive through the senses and the intellect. Giordano stated that, since our nature (mind, emotion, physical senses) is not so developed as to perceive and inhabit the same field of truth, what we can ordinarily grasp and recognize is not the essence of things (namely, the real world), but rather, “shadows”.

Indeed, the shadow of an object contains inside, something of the object itself, mainly, some aspects of its form, but is not complete, as it’s not the original object.

Nevertheless, the shadows are what a human can perceive, thus it is only through a vision which Bruno calls “shadowy”, that it is possible to progressively reach the perception of the world as it is – its own essence, the “face of God”.

The shadow is the “hiding place of the truth” and “although (the shadow) is not the truth itself, it derives from the truth, so it leads to the truth”. So, how can this be realized? How can a shadowy vision reveal the real nature of things?

Imagine an object that is exposed to light sources from various angles: it will create different shadows. Thus, if we observe the various shadows that are projected from the object itself at different angles, we’ll be able to know, or better said, to have a more objective idea, of the object to which those shadows are linked.

In synthesis, and reduced to maximum simplicity, this is the guideline of the magical mnemonics. There are infinite subtle objects that represent a likewise amount of shadows belonging to real objects (or archetypes). The act of recognizing the linked shadows (linked, since they are a reflection of the same object), allow the recognition of the different aspects of the object itself and, at the same time, “to introject” it in the mind.

Through the understanding of the archetype (this is accomplished by “bringing the 33archetype inside”), and through the realization of the associative chains, the Magus becomes able to contain in himself, a great amount of objects and concepts, each of which is linked with the others in a coherent sequence.

It’s as if the archetypes represents a sort of “main index” of the contents of the world. Each noun in this “index” originates in turn, “sub-indexes” until the number of created objects is apparently infinite.

Through the guidance of symbols (schemes, allegorical images, figures), the Magus gradually composes increasingly more comprehensive categories until it arrives “from the plurality of the things, to the unity that they suggest”.

It’s evident that every new concept, every new data perceived, will be organized by similarity and analogy within a precise chain of correspondences. In such a way, the Magus will be able to find it at any moment. The mind of the magus becomes a sort of organized archive, where every document can be found easily through a criteria of a rational systematic.

Since, according to the principle of mirroring, the mind of the Magus becomes a mirror of the universe. Through the magic of memory, the Magus himself, becomes able to contain within, both the objects of manifestation and the laws that link them together and the archetypes that are the primary origin of all these objects and laws.

In such a way, such as is said in the Corpus Hermeticum, the Magus “becomes similar to God in order to understand God… because the similar is understandable only to the similar”.


This topic will continue in the next post, The Art of memory 3: Giordano Bruno and the Symbolic Figures

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The Art of memory 1: The Reflection of the Divine

I would like to begin with a series of posts about the “art of memory”, often referred to as Ars Memoriae, Ars Memorativa and Mnemotechnics. I personally believe it to be a Western form of concentration on an object. Through time, specifically during the Renaissance, this method was developed to such a degree that it became a magical operative art. Before we continue, I would like to point out that I don’t intend “Magic” as a set of spells which is the lowest kind of “magic”, but as a meticulous “work” which is aimed toward the inner development of a human being. Such “work” (one of which is the alchemical Magnum Opus) existed in Western societies, and was very similar to the Eastern esoteric inner work and, in my opinion, had begun to extinguish after the Renaissance period.

memorHistorically, we can find the first codified system for the development of memory in the classical rhetoric. Cicero and Marcus Fabius Quintilianus used such a system that consisted in imagining a building, inside of which the various parts of speech were visualized as objects and placed in different rooms. In such a way, during his performance, the orator was able to recall the sequence of concepts by travelling through the various rooms of the mental building.

Obviously, this was a simple mnemonic technique which was aimed toward rhetorical functionality. Through the progressive development of hermetism and Renaissance neoplatonism, such a method was developed and enriched in such a way that it became a real magical discipline.

In his work “De vita coelitus comparanda”, Marsilio Ficino suggested to “build models of the world” (substantially geometrical forms like the Eastern mandalas), in which forms and colors were the representations of planets and forces which acts through them. In the opinion of Marsilio Ficino, the goal of such forms was not decorative, but had to become “real tools for meditation”. In practice, the various principles represented in such “models of the world” had to be “brought inside” the essence of the practitioner through the means of contemplation and meditation.

This was what was suggested in the “De vita coelitus comparanda”:

“…place such a colored figure on the dome ceiling, in the room where you live and sleep. So (through the constant contemplation of the figure), instead of the sight of the individual things in nature, you’ll be able to perceive the figure of the universe and its colors.”

memoSuch a crucial step is visible in the symbolic content of many masterpieces of the Renaissance pictorial art. It also introduced the foundations of the “art of memory” such as it was studied and practiced by the great esoteric masters and magicians of the 16th century, from Robert Fludd, Tommaso Campanella to Giordano Bruno (a character we’ll speak of more in the next series of this post devoted to the “art of memory”).

The basic assumption of such magic art can be summarized in the concept that the active thinking on an object means in some way “to bring it inside” the practitioner, and the symbolism of the object becomes part of the “meditator”. Mainly, the principles represented by the object become present in our inner world, and become as real in the field of thought, as it is real as an object in the material field.

This possibility “to bring inside” becomes the possibility to “keep inside” (and awake) the “Divine”, the principles of this Universe, and its forms and principles of manifestation, namely, the “laws”.

The term “to reflect” (to ponder) should illustrate this concept. Indeed, this word has a dual connotation: “to mirror” or “to reflect”, and “to ponder”, “to elaborate in mind”. This is one of the main points in the Western (but also Eastern) magic and mysticism, from the visualization to the hesychastic prayer.

memFor the Renaissance Magus, every object of the world is one of the expressions of an archetype. The object is connected with the archetype symbolically (or, if you prefer, we can use a more modern term, namely “analogically”). So, the act of linking objects in coherent sequences, as we’ll see in further posts, is the basis for the art of memory. It fulfills two functions: the first is purely technical, since it makes it possible to recall a memory through a chain of associations; the second function is higher, of a magical-esoteric character, and consists in “reflecting” the archetype through its various forms of manifestation.

Indeed, the archetypes are unattainable in their pure form, by the ordinary mind. However, it’s possible to reascend to them through associative chains and correspondences. This represents for the magus, the “language” through which “God” expresses itself and, at the same time, becomes understandable to the human mind. In such a way, the magician, through such correspondences, can “harmonize” himself with the divine. This is the meaning of the symbols in esoteric practices.


This topic will continue in the next post, The Art of memory 2: Giordano Bruno and the “Shadows”

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Diary of a pupil: Know Thyself

Possibly, the sentence “know thyself” is one of the most known sensational quotes: perhaps because it’s engraved on the entrance to the Temple of Apollo at Delphi, or because many great characters throughout history restated this concept several times, associating it to eminent visions.

Indeed, many individuals throughout history had stated that knowing ourselves is essential: Thales, Socrates, Plotinus, and Saint Augustine had stated it. They compared this statement to the Western philosophical speculation with many ancient knowings belonging to Eastern traditions, achieving the higher pinnacles of a knowing which influenced thought systems and cultures.

Today, things are much different. It seems that even the most prominent individuals in this contemporary society don’t consider self-knowledge as crucial. However, it seems also that such a statement has a particular allure, even if in most cases, it’s presented as a generic quote, too often considered profitable to entice the ego of potential buyers who claim to be interested in any kind of spiritual research.

It seems that in our culture, the sentence “know thyself” has assumed a rational form, in many cases intended as an observation of the forms of personality. And, this is an inquiry that could be a push towards change. However, in many cases, it’s only a reinforcement of one’s convictions – a completely wrong approach.

Observation is always a good practice and can always lead to improvement of oneself, but such observation must be completely released from an egoistic gratification.

But, are we sure that the ancients intended “knowing thyself” in such a way? That the process of rationalization can lead to really know who and what we are in essence?

When speaking about self-development, it’s not a trivial matter.

Speaking about essence, it comes mind, a section of the Kena Upanishad, as translated by Sri Aurobindo.

  1. By whom missioned falls the mind shot to its mark? By

whom yoked moves the first life-breath forward on its

paths? By whom impelled is this word that men speak?

What god set eye and ear to their workings?

  1. That which is hearing of our hearing, mind of our mind,

speech of our speech, that too is life of our life-breath and

sight of our sight. The wise are released beyond and they

pass from this world and become immortal.

  1. There sight travels not, nor speech, nor the mind. We know

It not nor can distinguish how one should teach of It: for It

is other than the known; It is there above the unknown. It

is so we have heard from men of old who declared That to

our understanding.

  1. That which is unexpressed by the word, that by which

the word is expressed, know That to be the Brahman and not

this which men follow after here.

  1. That which thinks not by the mind, that by which the mind

is thought, know That to be the Brahman and not this which

men follow after here.

  1. That which sees not with the eye, that by which one sees

the eye’s seeings, know That to be the Brahman and not this

which men follow after here.

  1. That which hears not with the ear, that by which the ear’s

hearing is heard, know That to be the Brahman and not this

which men follow after here.

  1. That which breathes not with the breath, that by which the

life-breath is led forward in its paths, know That to be the

Brahman and not this which men follow after here.

I quoted these verses because in these words, lies the main problem of knowledge: how is it possible to know the subject that knows?

I’ll try to explain better. Our cognitive process operates in a particular way: mainly, that in order to “know” something, we need a subject which observes, and the object which is observed.

So, if I see a tree (the object), I can observe it, analyze it, define it; and, at the same time, exists an “I” that is able to recognize, distinguish and define the tree.

Yes, this is a simplification, but necessary in order to give the idea of what I mean.

In such a way, everything can be recognized and understood, at a certain level, through the use of ideas, concepts and logical criteria.

However, there’s something that thwarts the possibility to be known and understood in such a way – the subject that observes. Indeed, how can the entity which lies between the observed and the observer, be observed?

Yes, I am speaking about the mind. In order to understand it, it must be reduced as an object, and we need to find another mean, another “subject” which will be able to understand this entity. In such a way, the subject-mind becomes the object which is observed. Otherwise, it will remain unknown.

I remember one of the first things that my mentor said to me more than twenty years ago: “You don’t think. You don’t know how to think”.

This statement was very offensive to me, and made me always react with useless protests and justifications.

“What do you mean with this? Do you think that I am so stupid and incapable?”

 “You don’t think because you can’t have the freedom of thought. Your ideas are conditioned by everything that surrounds you: the place and the time where you live, the culture that represents this place and time… “

I knew that he was an individual who used to provoke people, but maybe this time he had to tell me something useful in order for me to understand. Or at least, to begin to understand.

“You would like to know who you really are through your mind as it is now. But this is impossible, definitely impossible. Even if you are so young, your mind is filled by a mire of social and religious morality, rationalism and concepts taken here and there during these years of your existence.

Your emotions are reactive, your pride and presumption define you, and with this premise, to know who you are is impossible. You need to realize the possibility of a thought that originates from a completely different source – an uncontaminated source. Before beginning to know your true nature, you must convert your way of thinking.

Above all, you have to erase the Andrea you think to be, and begin to learn again to walk, to keep the back straight, to sit, to eat; you need to wake up in the morning and embrace the first sunshine, aware of the constant miracle of life.

You must make your gestures and your life a symbol, so that you can always remember yourself. You have to fight the preconcepts and fears that limit you. You must fight the ignorance, the sleep of consciousness and your comfort zones; and you have to study to the point of exhaustion, the thought of every ancient culture, and realize the world and life itself.

If you can’t do this, you don’t have anything to seek from me.”

He stopped for a moment, looking straight into my eyes, such as he was evaluating the damage made to my offended ego. Then, with a smile that released my every concern and anxiety, he continued.

“If you wish to enter the path of inner development, you must become such as those individuals who, thousands of years ago, before every religion or ready- made spiritual thought, realized to be imperfect, and grasping the possibility of becoming perfect, they asked themselves how to fill this distance.

Many of those individuals embraced a path of purification in order to “ascend” towards such perfection that they imagined to be somewhere in higher dimensions or in the sky. It was a path of purification from ignorance, identification, and lack of awareness, until becoming “similar” to God.

But, near to this vision, another one developed. And, this different vision sought the Divine in everything belonging to this world and beyond. Instead of the “ascent” towards perfection, they developed the wondering that if God is present in everything, then God was present in every human being. Thus, they realized that they had to become aware of this and awaken.

Those who accepted this first school of thought, embraced the renouncement and the asceticism, while others immersed themselves in life, with the knowing that if God is in everything, nothing can be considered less divine”

He became quiet allowing those words to impregnate my mind. Then, with a slow gesture, he tasted a sip of coffee. In those gestures, in his silence, in those sips, I saw that he was completely present. He was at the same time, in the conversation we had and in that coffee he was drinking, as if savoring the pleasure of that flavour.

He put down the cup of coffee in a way that seemed to me a wish to establish an order on the table and, at the same time, in my mind. He was looking at me such as his gaze was embracing also the entire environment, making me aware that I was also part of this environment or, if you wish, part of the whole. It was a strange feeling that shifted my perception for some moments in a way that was difficult to explain.

Then, he continued.

“In some way you are lucky, because you are very young, and your mind is not yet crystallized; however it’s already filled by concepts and beliefs. If you really seek your true nature, you can’t accomplish this task through the mind that you have formed in those 17 years of your existence. The part of you that is convinced to have a thought is only personality – a mask, conditioned by the stimuli you experienced, from the morality and prejudices that you confuse with reality. What you see isn’t the real world, but an interpretation of the same, mediated by a subjective vision.

This is why you don’t ‘think’, because your mind remains identified with what you consider yourself to be, and what you consider to be true.

So, before beginning to experience the path of self-development, you must devote yourself to study. And I don’t intend theoretical speculations you find in books, non- books, however ‘spiritual’, which doesn’t give you anything but words that fill your beliefs. On the contrary, you’ll have to convert every gesture and every attitude, comparing it with the imposing corpus of knowing that survived through millennia on this planet. Such knowing opened the way towards Truth more than what every technology we have today at disposal, could do.

Indeed, we control more and more matter, but we are more than ever ignorant regarding our true nature. In such a way, we are increasingly more identified with appearances, and we lose every contact with the essence. And, essence is, in the end, the only real thing which we can count on.”

Essence was just what had became my obsession from the first time I heard of this term. The Self, the intimate part of us, the only real part of us and, at the same time so impalpable, submerged by a mind that thinks to know in such a way, that it is impossible “to get in touch” with it.

And, everytime I thought to have understood this principle, my mentor immediately put me in the face of the fact that this was another identification, a trick of my mind, a colored way for the ego to find affirmation.

I had understood that the True Self can’t be realized through ordinary means, and that it should be observed from an external point of view. But who or what could observe it?

In such a way, the sentence “know thyself” seemed to me to be an absurd pretence, indeed, a paradox. And every effort to receive from my mentor, a glimpse of an answer, was useless. Indeed, he often seemed to minimize and take time when I was questioning him about such a topic.

So, without an answer, I was wondering: how is it possible to know the Self?

The first answer came only a few years later. In that period, I was in contact with my mentor almost every day. One day, he had begun to show me some reproductions of Baroque paintings. One of these was Caravaggio’s “Narcissus”. The perfection of the forms of this master had some strange power to harmonize the usual tumult I was feeling in mind and heart.

“Narcissus” by Michelangelo Merisi da Caravaggio

He waited awhile in silence, almost knowing the effect that that painting had on me.

Then, perhaps noticing that it was the right moment, he began to speak.

“You are impressed by the forms. But what gives form… to the forms?”

“The contrast between light and shadow”, I answered.

He nodded with a subtle smile.

“The light. Yes, it’s the light the reveals the objects, the world, things. If you illuminate a room, all that is inside becomes visible, so you can recognize all that is in that room. You can know what’s in that room because of the light you turned on. And, even the source of that light, the light bulb, becomes visible in virtue of that light. All that is in the room is lightened and becomes known. But what leads us to knowing the light itself? What ‘illuminates’ that light?”

I remained looking at the reproduction of that painting. Narcissus who stares at the reflection of his face in the water, a marvelous representation of the human illusory perception of themselves and reality. I was astonished. Maybe, for the first time, I was really able to state to have understood something, even if a glimpse of the whole story. At least, now I had somewhere from which to begin to understand.

And, this meant only one thing, and in that moment I was aware of it: this was a fundamental piece of the puzzle to accomplish the aim of the statement of the wise- “know thyself”.

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Pondering: What about superficiality? Attitude and personal example.

indexIt is no longer needed to write a post about the fact that, in the last few years, superficiality is climbing, diffused in the social tissue; superficial contents, often driven by ignorance, circulating with increasing frequency everywhere: yes, in the social network, but above all, also in human relationships.

People who consider truthful, anything said by anyone, without verifying the sources, without any kind of attention, and without a minimum of thought, is dramatically increasing.

The cause, and beneficiary of this situation are first of all, the media which seems to make the effort not only to keep things as they are, but to make them increasingly worse.

And not to forget the so called “VIPs” of every field who, unfortunately, become a cognitive and behavioral model for the masses. Such individuals not only don’t care about the responsibility which their role involves, but more than often, support values of a very low level, including inferior products, only because “this is a product which sells”.

We live in a world increasingly more inhabited by charlatans, of people who promote absurdities presented as scientific truths, often abusing terminologies with the tendency just to sell products empty of any significance, efficiency or authentic cultural origins. To complete the overview of the situation (even if it could continue on and on, perpetually), what about those who know perfectly what they do, and use those mechanisms to divulge dangerous and/or harmful contents, knowing well the results of what they’re spreading?

We could make the examples of concepts we could call “dark” that are sold as means for a personal evolution. Or, the example of people who become propagators of a suffocating morality, or a system of limiting thoughts, or such.

It’s my opinion that anyone with a little awareness who witnesses these behaviors, no longer has “the right to remain silent”. Indeed, they have the sacrosanct right to intervene directly against this.

The world we live in, is a result of superficiality, and superficiality is something which should be opposed, first of all through a rebuttal that it doesn’t lead anywhere. And this is of value for all: from laws to attitudes, from the words in a newspaper, to the words of a neighbor. Then, try to deepen our thought and our culture, and express it through the means which this age offers at our disposal.

We don’t suggest to become polemic, maybe crystallizing into never-ending discussions or arguments. This is a useless waste of time, in any case. We are speaking about expressing dissent each time we notice an inequity. It doesn’t require very much: sometimes, it’s enough to silently raise an eyebrow in front of a colleague or friend with a stupid attitude. Sometimes it’s enough to speak and express our thoughts, without caring if we gain or not, the approval of the listener.

We are speaking about not perpetually promulgating alarmist or detrimental contents which could limit someone’s freedom. If something doesn’t convince us because of reasonable doubts, just don’t share it, and let’s not give the possibility that such material could be spread.

Ok, obviously there’s not only what we could “not” do. There is also what we can and should do. Actively. For example, sharing our own material, or subjects which resonate with our experience, or something we have learned… there are never-ending examples.

Or, seen that in this moment we are on internet, sharing information which seems reasonable to us, which gives us a feeling of giving a further value, it doesn’t matter if it is practical advice or a thought or a consideration.

Let’s not burn the contents we feel are of value, like firewood. We find on Facebook or other social networks, something we like, something which incites in us, a moment of pondering. Often we dismiss it with a “like” and forget it. Why not share it?

For every word we don’t say, even when we feel that we wish to say it or express it, we allow a part of our freedom to die.

It’s just a personal pondering… which maybe, could make someone else ponder.



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“A common aim is stronger than blood.”


This quote of Gurdjieff is a nice title to begin this post. Indeed, to accomplish an aim, one must be tenacious. A common aim is shared by several people who focus their efforts to accomplish it, and in this instance, it is really strong. However, it’s been years since Gurdjieff stated these marvelous words. It seems that in the last decades, most people have lost the concept of “common”, and prefer to do things by themselves.

The aim of this post is not to criticize such isolation which seems to divide humans, instead of unifying them.

What I would like to share, is the principle in this quote which evokes in me, the principle of Perseverance.

Indeed, being capable to persevere in our own or shared decisions, especially in those decisions which could make a difference in our life, is not a small thing.

How often does it happen when we awaken one morning and decide that, from that moment on we have to change something? Perhaps we don’t feel well physically or emotionally, or because we are not satisfied with ourselves, or something in our environment. In inadequate words, because we feel that “there is something wrong”.

Therefore, we decide to change our diet, our way of communicating with others, of loving others, our behavior. We change our daily routines and activities, we introduce new things and shed old habits.

That bright morning is fed by a Force that flows inside us. Do you remember the famous Star Wars quote “May the Force be with you”? In such a morning, we feel the reality of this quote: we know what we wish and from where to begin the change.

Then, during the next days or even hours, such a Force begins to diminish, as a light which gradually transforms into a faint flicker until it extinguishes, leaving us in the dark. And, that’s the end of our shift.

It’s important to understand how this process occurs, but we usually can’t perform such an observation, because deep within us, we consider ourselves incapable, obtuse, and misguided.

Let’s put aside our self-pity. Let us recover a bit of self-confidence, and try to discover the reason why we have failed in our intention.

As probably many know, our actions are subjected to some laws that, if we are not aware of them, we will obviously suffer their influence.

When we decide to bring about a change in our life, we are exiting from the deep-rooted mechanics from which we wish to emancipate, and transform them into something else. Translated into easily understood words: the inner and outer habits which are deeply-rooted within us which we wish to change. And, for making a shift, we need much energy, mainly, a huge Motivation.

After a while, the Power, the motivation of the bright morning seems to extinguish, and the old habits return – and when they return, sometimes it seems that they are stronger than before.

We have to remember to again find the motivation, the same feeling of that bright morning when it had been explicitly stated.

It’s true that to restore that motivation requires a will and a conscious self-governing. It’s also true that such a condition can be reached through a serious path of inner research.

However, I would like to go deeper, and transform the words that I wrote which you have probably read and heard dozens of times, by offering a possibility by outlining what usually is practically ignored: the Goal. Many know about the Laws of Three and Seven, the “we can’t do” and the “we are subjected to external influences”. Nice information that, by themselves don’t help very much, because they don’t give a bright perspective, however true it could be. What most ignore, is the “how” to state a concrete goal which could keep the motivation alive. I’ll be sincere and say that this is a topic which would require more than a book. Also, a goal is not only a statement, but it’s also a concrete tactic on how to change our actual state (what we wish to change) to the desired state (the goal).

I’ll just mention how to state a constructive and concrete goal. Better than nothing, isn’t it?

So, in order to state a goal, it must be concrete (“I wish to feel better” is not a concrete statement and “I wish to be calmer” is concrete); achievable (stating that I wish to become the president of the USA is a little bit out of my range, so not achievable); stated in the positive (not “I don’t wish to be nervous”, but “I wish to be calmer”); measurable (what concrete result do I wish to achieve and how will I know what event will have to happen so that I may understand if I have achieved it?); “ecologic” (does the aim comply with my values and ethics?).

Also, don’t think about your limits. Don’t say, “I don’t know if I’ll succeed”. Rather, think as though you have already achieved that goal.

I don’t like very much the “positive thinking” movement, seen that such an attitude is a double-edged sword – it’s better to be a bit more optimistic than pessimistic. Do you feel to be a shy or insecure person? Act as though you are already secure and self-confident. This means to act.

Of course, this is only an outline about how to make a goal achievable. There are many things to say about this. A whole education, as said above, would require at least a book or some seminars to be explained… and practice to be understood and realized.

However, in my opinion it’s far better than repeating like a parrot that “we can’t do”.

What’s more important is to act.

With Love,


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